Frequently Asked Questions about Vasectomy

Q: WHAT IS A VASECTOMY?

A: A vasectomy is a permanent and effective means for preventing pregnancy. A vasectomy is performed by cutting the vas deferens, the tube that carries sperm from the testes to the penis. This prevents the sperm from exiting the penis during ejaculation. After a vasectomy, your body will continue to produce sperm, but they will die and be naturally re-absorbed by your body. Vasectomy is one of the most effective forms of birth control and more than 500,000 vasectomies are performed every year in the U.S. Vasectomy is 99.85% effective as a birth control method.


 

Q: IS A VASECTOMY SAFE?

A: Yes, vasectomy is a time tested and very safe procedure. As with any surgical procedure, however, there may be some minimal risks or side effects which your doctor will discuss with you prior to your procedure. 


 

Q: WILL THE VASECTOMY BE EFFECTIVE AS BIRTH CONTROL RIGHT AWAY?

A: No. You must use other forms of birth control until your doctor assures you that your vasectomy is completely effective. This may take several months until all of the sperm left in the upper part of the vas deferens is ejaculated. In approximately two to three months following the vasectomy, a semen sample is brought to an outpatient laboratory for analysis. Your doctor will call you with the results. Once your sperm count is zero, it is safe to resume sexual intercourse with no other birth control method necessary.


Q: WILL I EXPERIENCE PAIN AFTER MY VASECTOMY?

A: A vasectomy actually causes very little pain or discomfort after the procedure and recovery is typically quick. Chesapeake Urology’s surgeons utilize their extensive experience in reproductive microsurgery and minimally invasive surgical techniques to perform your vasectomy with great precision. 


 

Q: WILL I EXPERIENCE PROBLEMS WITH ACHIEVING AN ERECTION OR WITH SEXUAL INTERCOURSE FOLLOWING MY VASECTOMY?

A: No. Experiencing erectile dysfunction and low libido are common concerns men have following a vasectomy, but rest assured the procedure will not affect a man’s libido, ejaculation, sexual pleasure, or erections. A vasectomy also will not affect your testosterone (male hormone) levels. 


 

Q: WHERE WILL THE PROCEDURE BE PERFORMED?

A: Vasectomy is an outpatient procedure typically performed under local anesthesia in one of Chesapeake Urology’s state-of-the-art Summit Ambulatory Surgery Centers unless insurance or medical reasons indicate that the vasectomy needs to be performed in the hospital. 


 

Q: HOW DO I SCHEDULE MY VASECTOMY AT CHESAPEAKE UROLOGY?

A: The first step of the vasectomy is the initial consultation with one of Chesapeake Urology's physicians. At this first appointment, your urologist will discuss the procedure, what you can expect as well as provide information about recovery and follow-up. Following this initial consultation, you will then schedule the second appointment for the vasectomy.


Q: DO I NEED TO PREPARE FOR THE PROCEDURE?

A: Yes, follow these pre-procedure instructions:

  • Stop taking vitamin supplements, aspirin or ibuprofen one week before your vasectomy. These anti- inflammatory medications thin the blood and can cause excessive bleeding. If you are currently taking any blood thinners, please inform your doctor.

  • You may eat a light meal before your procedure.

  • You may shave your scrotum at home prior to the procedure.

  • Bring an athletic supporter to the procedure, preferably with a pouch in which you can place an ice pack, to decrease swelling.

 


 

Q: HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO PERFORM THE VASECTOMY?

A: The procedure typically takes only 20 minutes once your physician has you comfortable and administers the local anesthetic. 


 

Q: HOW LONG IS THE RECOVERY?

A: Most patients are surprised that the procedure is quick and often causes little pain or discomfort. Shortly after the procedure, you will be able to drive home. To minimize discomfort, you may be prescribed pain relievers and using an ice pack will help minimize swelling in the area. Most men resume work in three to four days after the vasectomy. 


 

Q: CAN A VASECTOMY BE REVERSED?

A: Yes. A vasectomy can be reversed in a procedure appropriately called a vasectomy reversal. Sometimes, life circumstances change and years after having a vasectomy, some men wish to be able to conceive a child naturally with their partner. Chesapeake Urology’s Vasectomy Reversal Center of America is one of the country’s leading vasectomy reversal centers, offering success rates of more than 90% to couples who wish to conceive naturally. Learn more at www.vasectomyreversalcenterofamerica


 

Q: MY HUSBAND IS CONSIDERING A VASECTOMY. AS A WOMAN, WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THIS PROCEDURE?

A: The decision to have a vasectomy is often one made by both a man and a woman. Chesapeake Urology's brochure: What Women Want to Know about Vasectomy covers the most common questions women have about vasectomy.

 


 

Q: WILL INSURANCE COVER MY VASECTOMY?

A: Vasectomy procedures are typically covered by insurance. However, because insurance coverage varies, we recommend that you call the customer service number on the back of your insurance card, or contact your employer’s benefits department, to verify your coverage and for any questions regarding your health insurance plan.

 

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